随着音乐明星把电影作为宣传工具, the Questlove project looks back to a golden age of filmed performances that the academy rarely acknowledges.
在2010年代中期, films about popular music dominated the best documentary feature category at the Academy Awards. 《彩神8APP官方下载》、《彩神8APP》和《彩神8APP官方下载》都获得了大奖. 这是一场意外的繁荣:在之前的几十年里, 非古典音乐纪录片只获得零星的提名.
所有这些获奖影片都是一个场景或社区的传记或编年史. 今年, 虽然, a nominated documentary is built around footage of musical performance: “Summer of Soul,关于1969年的哈莱姆文化节(Harlem culture 节日), 尼娜西蒙, Mahalia Jackson和Stevie Wonder, 等.
“This film is a departure from the way the Oscars have looked at music documentaries,汤姆·鲍尔斯说, documentary programmer for the Toronto 国际 Film 节日 和 host of the 纯纪实 播客. “他们被基于音乐的电影所吸引, 但这些电影的核心不是表演, 它们是另一种讲故事的方式.”
具有讽刺意味的是, 唯一一部获得奥斯卡奖的音乐会纪录片是1971年的《彩神8APP》, 这部电影给《彩神8APP官方下载》投下了强烈的阴影.“每部电影中的事件都发生在同一季, but while the movie capturing “Three Days of Peace 和 Music” on Max Yasgur’s farm became a touchstone for a generation, 哈莱姆区的录像也黯然失色.
当然, “Summer of Soul” isn’t only a concert film; its director, Ahmir " Questlove " Thompson, 他最出名的工作是紫根乐队的鼓手, 拒绝了这个项目的描述, 这部电影涉及了涉及当时政治的多个话题. 但它专注于舞台, “Summer of Soul” directly connects to 和 reclaims the tradition of the quality concert documentary, 这种形式在摇滚时代经历了声誉的起起落落.
在20世纪60年代，音乐会纪录片是受人尊敬的项目. “夏日的爵士乐,” which captured performances at the 1958 Newport Jazz 节日 from Louis Armstrong to Chuck Berry, 被保存在国家电影注册处吗, 而默里·勒纳的"节日这部电影是在1963年至1966年的新港民俗节上拍摄的，1968年获得奥斯卡提名. 纪录片先驱，比如 梅耶斯兄弟 和 D.A. Pennebaker 参与了多部帮助定义那个时代的音乐电影.
“Those filmmakers were more driven by documentary film principles than they were by music,本杰明?. 哈伯特, the author of “American Music Documentary” 和 an associate professor of music at Georgetown University. “他们都比他们拍摄的那一代人年长. They were kind of like anthropologists, trying to pull us into this world of changing ’60s America.”
米娅面具, 瓦萨学院的电影教授, 注意到《彩神8APP官方下载》和一些电影的相似之处 “给我庇护。” 梅尔斯的滚石编年史混乱不堪, 1969年阿尔塔蒙特音乐节上灾难性的亮相, or “不要回头看。” 佩尼贝克记录鲍勃·迪伦1965年巡演的文件. “比如《彩神8APP》,’没有很强的线性叙事, 但音乐文化还支撑着其他很多东西,她说. “And ‘Don’t Look Back’ is more episodic, it captures moments along that concert trail.” In those respects, she noted, “‘Summer of Soul’ harks back to those seminal documentaries.”
在一次电话采访中, Thompson explained that his initial conception was something closer to a conventional concert documentary. “I was like, ‘I got 40 hours’ worth of footage 和 this has to be 90 minutes,’他说. “I automatically know, after 25 years of doing shows, that if we got 90 minutes, that’s 14 songs. 艺术家的数量远远超过了歌曲的空间, 所以现在我在想一个很酷的混音带.
“我并不是说我会复制粘贴传统纪录片,他继续说, 但我可能会讲一个哈莱姆音乐节的故事, 然后扩展到西班牙哈莱姆和其他文化, 然后向全世界开放, 那里的非洲艺术家, 这或多或少是一个故事.”
但当2020年3月大流行来袭时，汤普森和他的团队不得不重新校准. Several interviews with artists who appeared at the festival were scrapped 和 a new direction was required. “It stopped being just the concert footage once we got to the p和emic 和 our Jenga fell down,他说. “彩神8APP必须从头做起，要有创意.”
After Woodstock a wave of rock concert films inevitably followed, from Pink Floyd (at Pompeii!), 大卫·鲍伊和感恩而死乐队, with the emerging phenomenon of midnight movies at local art houses offering a consistent outlet.
This trend covered Black performers as well, with the release of documentaries like “Wattstax” 和 “Soul to Soul,” 和 others that were shot but didn’t come out until many years later, like “灵魂力量” (from the music festival attached to the 1974 Muhammad Ali-George Foreman fight featured in the Oscar-winning “When We Were Kings”) 和 the Aretha Franklin gospel performance “Amazing Grace.”
This era culminated in extremes: On the one h和, there were the comic excesses of Led Zeppelin’s 《彩神8APP》 (1976), 荒诞的幻想片段和从不同的节目中截取的片段, 这样，乐队的服装有时会在一首歌中改变. 另一方面, Martin Scorsese’s “最后的华尔兹” (1978) captured the final performance by the original lineup of The B和, 宾客们代表着整个集团的影响力和历史. “最后的华尔兹常被描述为这种形式的最好例子. 哈伯特还指出，有些人称之为“音乐会电影的死亡”, with all the pans of rock celebrities 和 inside jokes 和 every shot so methodically planned out.”
几年后, MTV dramatically 和 permanently shifted the relationship between the audience 和 music on film. 加上《彩神8APP》这样的电视剧,” it became much more common to watch music performance; the concert film was no longer restricted to the pop elite. 为了脱颖而出，它需要一些特殊的东西，比如1984年的“失去意义” — balancing the Talking Heads’ innovative staging 和 the radical simplicity of Jonathan Demme’s direction — or the incomparable virtuosity on display in Prince’s 1987 “在时报上签名.”
Dr. Mask said that over time documentaries have “moved away from cinéma vérité-style towards more narrative with more commercial appeal. 彩神8APP在麦当娜的作品中看到了真正的转变 “真心话大冒险” 和 those ’80s 和 early ’90s films that wanted to turn the concert film on its head 和 make it something else entirely. 现在Beyoncé正在做她自己版本的项目，比如 “柠檬” 和 “同学会.’”
Musicians have made concert films to chronicle special events (LCD Soundsystem’s 2012 “闭嘴，播放热门歌曲,” shot at the group’s “farewell” concert — a farewell that lasted until its 2015 reunion) or experiment with technique (the Beastie Boys’ 2006 “太棒了”, 完全由人群成员拍摄的镜头组成). 最近, 流媒体服务对内容的持续需求, films of pop stars like Shawn Mendes 和 Ariana Gr和e in concert have become promotional staples.
除了1969年的本地和全球事件, 《彩神8APP官方下载》的不同之处在于汤普森的剪辑方法, 这是基于他作为音乐家的背景，尤其是作为D.J. “当我陷入困境时，我的制片人和编辑会说，‘如果这是D.J. Gig，你接下来会做什么?’” Thompson explained, adding, “If this movie were my favorite Public Enemy album or a D.J. 我怎么能把我正在做的事情剪下来，再去做下一件事呢?”
Powers agreed that this construction is ultimately what distinguishes the film from a traditional concert documentary: “He’s doing this tremendous job of mixing commentary 和 music. 你要去听音乐会, but you’re also getting this layer of music history so expertly woven into the discussion.”
“Summer of Soul” arrives at a contemporary moment of profound questions surrounding race 和 politics, 和 the story it tells of the culture 和 context surrounding the Harlem Cultural 节日 is necessary. But it’s also important — as with any great concert film — for the magnificent performances at the heart of the project to be recognized on their own terms.
“这得益于政治意识的提高, 但它也能让你看到这些才华横溢的人, 被黑人观众欣赏,” Dr. Mask said, adding, “We’re accustomed to turning on the news 和 hearing about Black pain. “灵魂之夏”让观众有机会庆祝黑人的快乐.”